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Maximising Employee Benefits: The Strategic Approach to Leave Encashment in Singapore

Whether you are an HR professional or a business owner, understanding laws regarding employee benefits is crucial to employee satisfaction and, therefore, to your company’s overall success. Establishing a strategic and transparent approach to leave encashment is a great way to maximise employee benefits. The good news is it doesn’t have to be difficult when you use Adaptive Pay. With our solution, employees can file an eleave using a mobile app or a web browser. Our app also simplifies leave management by integrating it with payroll and attendance modules.


Adaptive Pay’s leave app is designed to make leave management more convenient by eliminating manual updating and providing a full view of resources. Employees can access its features anytime and anywhere, allowing them to apply for an eleave and upload supporting documents when necessary. And if you’re considering a leave encashment policy, Adaptive Pay can provide insights into your resource allocation so you can decide if it’s a good fit for your company.


In this blog, we will share strategic approaches to leave encashment and how our leave management solution can support it.


Understanding leave encashment


Leave encashment is a process where an employee gets money in exchange for their unused leaves each year. Instead of using those leaves to take time off, employees may opt for financial compensation for unused leave days.


How to handle unused leaves


Should you encash, forfeit, or carry forward unused leaves? Your decision can depend on your employment contract. So, be sure to check it under the following conditions:


The number of days of unused annual leaves is greater than statutory entitlements or

Part IV of the Employment Act does not cover your employees.


Calculating leave encashment


The Ministry of Manpower (MOM) recommends this formula when calculating leave encashment:

(12 months x Monthly gross rate of basic pay) / (52 weeks x Average working days weekly) x (Number of unused leave days)

Using Adaptive Pay as your leave app, you won’t need to worry about getting the wrong calculations or doing the math manually. When an employee files an eleave, our app simplifies leave management by calculating MOM-based leave encashments, ensuring compliance and efficiency.


Should you base leave encashment on gross or basic salary?


Each organisation has its own guidelines and policies when it comes to calculating leave encashments. Some companies base it on the employee's basic salary, while others consider the gross salary.


Many companies also have specific rules for leave encashment that go beyond the Ministry of Manpower guidelines. Some of them set limits on the amount of leave that can be cashed out or use custom formulas for calculating the value. Certain allowances might be included or excluded from the encashment calculation. Leave encashment might also be limited to specific situations, such as termination or resignation. No matter the case, our leave app can adapt to your company's unique requirements.


Do CPF contributions apply?


In Singapore, leave encashment is considered part of your employee's additional wages. This means CPF contributions are mandatory for both employers and employees on the encashment amount. Adaptive Pay’s leave app takes care of the CPF contribution calculations for you.


How do you calculate leave encashment when an employee resigns?


Employees who are terminated are typically eligible to encash their unused annual leave. Make sure to calculate the encashment amount based on the employee's gross rate of pay according to their most recent salary. However, if an employee is terminated due to misconduct, you may forfeit their unused leave in some cases.


Here is the MOM formula to calculate leave encashment upon resignation:

(12 months x monthly gross pay rate) / (52 weeks x average working days weekly) x (number of unused leave days)


With Adaptive Pay, you don’t have to worry about leave management and encashments, even when your employees file an eleave. It automatically does the calculations to eliminate the guesswork.


Should you consider Leave encashment in your company?


Allowing your employees to encash their annual leaves can be beneficial in the following ways:

  • More financial flexibility for employees who might need additional income.

  • Minimised leave liability

  • More control over their work-life balance

  • Better employee morale


If you’ll allow your employees to encash their annual leave, make sure you have Adaptive Pay as your leave management platform to support this policy. It’s the best eleave app that generates reports with just one click. Plus, you can access all features anytime, anywhere.


Try our leave app now by booking a demo.

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